Getting Started

Features

User Interaction

On the right side of any page, you’ll notice links to edit the page, or open an issue. This ensures that any time you have a question or want to suggest or request a change, you can do so immediately and link directly to the section of interest. The sections on the page also have permalinks so you can link directly to them.

The entire site, including posts and documentation, is indexed and then available for search at the top or side of the page. Give it a try! The content is rendered into window data that is used by lunr.js to generate the search results. If you want to exclude any file from search, add this to its front end matter:

---
layout: null
excluded_in_search: true
---

The example above is for a javascript file in the assets folder that is used as a template, but should not be included in search.

If you have an external site with a search GET endpoint (meaning one that ends in ?q=<term>, then you can automatically link page tags to search this endpoint. For example, on an HPC site I’d want a tag like “mpi” to do a search on http://ask.cyberinfrastructure.org for mpi. See the tags section below for how to configure this.

Documentation

Documentation pages should be written in the docs folder of the repository, and you are allowed to use whatever level of nesting (subfolders) that works for you! It’s a Jekyll collection, which means that you can add other content (images, scripts) and it will be included for linking to.

Organization

The url that will render is based on the path. For example, if we had the following structure:

docs/
  getting-started.md
  clusters/
     sherlock/
         getting-started.md

The first page (akin to the one you are reading) would render at it’s path, /docs/getting-started/.

Linking

From that page, we could provide the direct path in markdown to any subfolder to link to it, such as the second getting started page for sherlock:

[example](clusters/sherlock/getting-started.md)

Here is an example link to a relative path of a file (example-page.md) in the same directory, and from that page you can test linking to a subfoldr. In the case of not having a subfolder, we could write the link out directly:

[example]({{ site.baseurl }}/docs/clusters/sherlock/getting-started.md)

or just put the relative path:

[Here](example-page)

or better, there is a shortand trick! We can use the provided “includes” template to do the same based on the path to create a link:

{% include doc.html name="Sherlock Cluster" path="clusters/sherlock/getting-started" %}

The path should be relative to the docs folder.

Pages

The pages folder uses the same page layout, but is not part of the docs collection. The two are provided to create a distinction between website pages (e.g., about, feed.xml) and documentation pages.

Whether you place your page under “pages” or “docs,” for those pages that you want added to the navigation, you should add them to _data/toc.yml. If you’ve defined a permalink in the front end matter, you can use that (e.g., “About” below). If you haven’t and want to link to docs, the url is the path starting with the docs folder. Here is an example (currently the active example):

- title: Documentation
  url: docs
  links:
    - title: "Getting Started"
      url: "docs/getting-started"
      children:
        - title: Features
          url: "docs/getting-started#getting-started"
        - title: Development
          url: "docs/getting-started#development"
        - title: Customization
          url: "docs/getting-started#customization"
    - title: "Extras"
      url: "docs/extras"
      children:
        - title: Quizzes
          url: "docs/extras/example-quiz"
    - title: "About"
      url: "about"
    - title: "News"
      url: "news

If you want to add an external url for a parent or child, do this:

  - title: GitHub Repository
    external_url: https://www.github.com/vsoch/mkdocs-jekyll

News Posts

It might be the case that your site or group has news items that would warrent sharing with the community, and should be available as a feed. For this reason, you can write traditional posts in the _posts folder that will parse into the site feed The bottom of the page links the user to a post archive, where posts are organized according to the year.

Buttons

Buttons come in a nice array of colors. Here is the code for a basic example, and you’d want to vary the .btn-<tag> to get different classes.

<button class="btn btn-success">.btn-success</button>

Badges

For news post items, it’s nice to be able to tag it with something that indicates a status, such as “warning” or “alert.” For this reason, you can add badges to the front end matter of any post page, and they will render colored by a type, with the tag of your choice. For example, here is an example header for a post:

---
title:  "Two Thousand Nineteen"
date:   2019-06-28 18:52:21
categories: jekyll update
badges:
 - type: warning
   tag: warning-badge
 - type: danger
   tag: danger-badge
---

And here is the post preview with the rendered badges that it produces:

warning-badge danger-badge

And the other badges that you can define include success, info, secondary, and primary.

success-badge info-badge secondary-badge primary-badge

Alerts

{% include alert.html type="info" title="Here is another!" %}

Just for fun, here are all the types:

Quotes

You can include block quotes to emphasize text.

Here is an example. Isn’t this much more prominent to the user?

Development

Initially (on OS X), you will need to setup Brew which is a package manager for OS X and Git. To install Brew and Git, run the following commands:

/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
brew install git

If you are on Debian/Ubuntu, then you can easily install git with apt-get

apt-get update && apt-get install -y git

Install Jekyll

You can also install Jekyll with brew.

$ brew install ruby
$ gem install jekyll
$ gem install bundler
$ bundle install

On Ubuntu I do a different method:

git clone https://github.com/rbenv/ruby-build.git ~/.rbenv/plugins/ruby-build
echo 'export PATH="$HOME/.rbenv/plugins/ruby-build/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.bashrc
exec $SHELL
rbenv install 2.3.1
rbenv global 2.3.1
gem install bundler
rbenv rehash
ruby -v

# Rails
curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_4.x | sudo -E bash -
sudo apt-get install -y nodejs
gem install rails -v 4.2.6
rbenv rehash

# Jekyll
gem install jekyll
gem install github-pages
gem install jekyll-sass-converter

rbenv rehash

Get the code

You should first fork the repository to your GitHub organization or username, and then clone it.

$ git clone https://github.com/<username</mkdocs-jekyll.git docs
$ cd docs

You can clone the repository right to where you want to host the docs:

$ git clone https://github.com/<username>/mkdocs-jekyll.git docs
$ cd docs

Serve

Depending on how you installed jekyll:

jekyll serve
# or
bundle exec jekyll serve

Preview

We provide a CircleCI configuration recipe that you can use to preview your site on CircleCI before merging into master. You should follow the instructions to set up a project, and then in the project settings be sure to enable building forked build requests, and to cancel redundant builds. The preview will be built on CircleCI, and saved to static files for you to browse. The only change you will need is to edit the static files location to be the name of your respository, which is at te bottom of the .circleci/config.yml file:

      - store_artifacts:
          path: ~/repo/_site
          destination: mkdocs-jekyll

In the above, the destination should coincide with your repository name. Remember that for most links, CircleCI won’t honor an index.html file in a subfolder (e.g., subfolder/index.html will not be served as subfolder/, so for example, you might need to turn this:

https://<circleci>/0/mkdocs-jekyll/docs/getting-started/

into this:

https://<circleci>/0/mkdocs-jekyll/docs/getting-started/index.html

Customization

config.yml

To edit configuration values, customize the _config.yml. Most are documented there, and please open an issue if you have questions.

Adding pages

To add pages, write them into the pages folder. You define urls based on the permalink attribute in your pages, and then add them to the navigation by adding to the content of _data/toc.yml.

Tags

If you include tags on a page, by default they won’t link to anything. However, if you define a tag_search_endpoint url in your configuration file, by clicking the tag, the user will be taken to this page to search for it. As an example, we define the current search endpoint to be Ask Cyberinfrastructure, and page tags link to a search on it:

tag_search_endpoint: https://ask.cyberinfrastructure.org/search?q=
tag_color: danger # danger, success, warning, primary, secondary, info

Note that you can also choose a color! The tags appear at the top of the page, as they do on this page. The tags should be defined like this in the front end matter:

tags: 
 - jekyll
 - github

They are appended to the first h1 block, so generally your pages should have a header.